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Yan Song's Hometown Bridge: The footsteps of historical celebrities echo here-"Retaining Homesickness and Blooming New Looks" Part Two of the Ancient Buildings in Our Villages

[Font: Small Medium Large ] [Release Date: 2019-12-11 08:04] [Source: Xinyu Daily] [Publisher: Trainee Reporter Chen Binghua]

My friend, when you come to Xinyu, Ganzhong, I suggest that you better go to the bridge of Yan Song's hometown, there will be unexpected surprises there.

Surrounded by the green waters of the Yuanshui River and the green mountains of the south of Fenyi County, it is inlaid with a dazzling pearl of an ancient village. Because of its profound cultural heritage and rich and diverse dwellings, the village has successively been appraised as a historical and cultural village in Jiangxi Province, a national "2A" scenic spot, a provincial ecological village in Jiangxi Province, a traditional Chinese village, and a national ecological cultural village. Currently applying for national "3A" scenic spots.

The Jieqiao, which has a history of more than 900 years, is a natural village inhabited by one's sons and grandchildren.The first ancestor Yan Jijin lived in Yuanyou in the Northern Song Dynasty (1086-1094), and came from Shaowu, Fujian to Yuanzhou Mansion (now Yichun City, Jiangxi) to become an official. The "Datiekeng" that settled in the northern foot of Yuanling was the current Dalian Keng Natural Village. The fourth generation of Yan Dahua moved to the pit head west of Jieqiao Village. The sixth generation of Yan Hongbo gradually formed the current Jieqiao Village.

Qifeng behind the house

On a sunny and blue summer day, the author drove to Jieqiao Village in Fenyi Town. Walk along the newly-built asphalt road to the village, and there are green on both sides of the road, and you can see a newly-built archway writing "Yan Song's Hometown" in the distance, walking through the ancient village of Jieqiao. The tiles of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are hidden in the mountains and rivers. An intricately rooted ancient camphor tree, like countless pairs of "feet", is stable on the ground, helping it to stand upright after hundreds of years of wind and rain, deeply holding the old house in its arms, sheltering the descendants of Jieqiao. Withstand the snow, frost and storms of fearless years. At this moment, wandering in this beautiful ancient village, indulging in the thick rural atmosphere, it seems extraordinarily leisurely and tranquil, making one can't help but imagine the rich and timeless historical story of the year ...

There are different opinions about the origin of the name of Jieqiao Village. According to the genealogical records of the Jieqiao Yan clan, the place where the Jieqiao was located was once called "Huangzhupo" because of the overgrown yellow bamboo on the hillside, and it was renamed "Jieqiao" (Jieqiao) because of its geographical environment in the late Yuan Dynasty. There is a mountain spring in Tanjiabian Village in the northwest of Jieqiao. It flows from west to east to Jieqiao and meets the official road next to the village. Then it turns into a spring pond called "Jietang", and the stream is called As "Jiexi"-Yan Song therefore called "Yanjiexi" and continued to merge into the Yuan River to the east. Later, due to villagers' donation, he built a stone bridge over Jiexi, and the village was renamed "Jieqiao".

Village committee staff member Zeng Yuan said that the Jieqiao Ancient Village sits north and south, and its site selection and construction conforms to the ancient Fengshui study of backing mountains and water, and holding Yin and Yang. There is Gongcui in Jiexi in the front, and Yuanling in the back, and more than 20 thousand-year-old camphor trees surround the village. It is known as "the seven peaks behind the house, Yuanlingxiu, and the water in front of the gate is clear". At present, the ancient village has more than 40 buildings. Yuqing Hall, Ruizhu Hall, Shizhong Hall, Jinhu Hall, Yitang Hall (Yi'an Temple), and “Kejiadi” form an ancient building in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

"At present, most of the historical monuments symbolizing Yan's culture in Jieqiao Village are collected in Yan's Ancestral Hall." Under the leadership of the villagers, while walking, there are three-entry and hilarious buildings in the ancient building complex. The nest-style gatehouse-style and the pavilion-style are decorated with carved dragons and phoenixes, antique. Unconsciously, looking up, a quaint and solemn ancestral hall stands in front of the eyes-Yuqing Hall, there is a gallery in front of the hall, and a pair of woodcarved lions are inlaid on the two house pillars in front of the hall. "Fang Boshijia", the couplets on both sides are "Jie Shuiliu Long Long Jiadi Jin Digu; Wat Feng Junxiu bright humanities Yushufang". Pushing the door in, the hall has three entrances. The layout of the house is composed of the upper front hall, the back hall, the main hall, and the left and right compartments. There are thick and thick wooden boards in the middle to isolate the hall. Many plaques filled with historical traces are hung in the hall.

From Yuqing Hall, walk alone along the crystal clear Jiexi in front of the door. The stream flows quietly, sparkling with water, as if flashing bright eyes, gazing at the beauty of this mountain. . It seemed as if he saw Yan Song playing and playing beside a stream in his childhood.

Heir to the Heirloom Poems

The Ming-Qing Dynasty architectural complex lingering in the blue-brick, gray-tiled buildings couldn't help asking: How did Jieqiao, a seemingly unrecognizable village, cultivate a historical celebrity with a high weight from official to prime minister?

The family of the Jieqiao Yan family has a tradition of "cultivating and inheriting for a long time, and inheriting poems from the generations", especially after the priests entered the thirteen years (1415) of Gao Zuyan, Meng Heng and Yongle. Both adore Confucianism, study the history of scriptures, father, son, uncle and siblings, and treat each other as teachers and friends.

Ming Chenghua sixteen years (1480) on the 20th of the first month, accompanied by a cry, a baby boy was born, he is Yan Song. Yan Song is the fourteenth generation of the Jieqiao Yan family.He is rarely known as a prodigy.He was 19 years old, was admitted at the age of 26, and was admitted to Hanlin at the age of 26.He became a bachelor of Wuyingdian University at the age of 62 and became a member of Wenyuan Pavilion. , Ministry of Civil Affairs, and further promoted to the first assistant in Jiajing twenty-three years (1544).

Yan Song has been deeply influenced by his predecessors since he was a child, especially under the instruction of his father Yan Huai, who is also a private teacher, he studied poetry and worked hard, and he could recite the Three Character Classic and the Thousand Character Essay at the age of four, and he was eight He has mastered the history of Scripture, and often has strange verses in his poems ... When Yan Songya was learning, his father Yan Huai hugged him to teach on his lap. Because of his poor family, Yan Huai wrote and transcribed for his son when he had no money to buy a good book.

In the eighteenth year of Hongzhi (1505), the court opened the court to accept scholars. Yan Song took the second place in the second-place jinshi exam in the palace test—in fact, the fifth place in the country, and wrote a strong stroke in the Yan family tree.

In the village, there has always been a legend: Yan Song is knowledgeable and talented because of the help of fox fairys. It is said that on one occasion, while Yan Song was going to and from school in the county to and from school, a heavy rain flooded the wooden bridge and an old man with white hair and white beard struck him across the stream. Since then, whenever the water rises, the elderly must be on the edge of the stream and cross the river on their backs. Yan Song asked the old man why he wanted to help him. The old man said that he was a private gentleman. Seeing that Yan Song was a literary star, Yan Song couldn't understand it, but felt that the old man was very close, like his grandfather. Therefore, once Yan Song returned home from school, the old man invited him to his home school to see, Yan Song agreed without warning. The old man's school is located in Hongyang Cave and is black and white. With a wave of the old man's hand, the hole lit, and there was a desk and rows of bookcases full of books on a flat floor. Yan Song reads well, and she can't help seeing these books. The old man also called his daughter to meet Yan Song and accompanied him to study. When she read that she was hungry, the girl vomited a red bead from her mouth and let Yan Song swallow it. After Yan Song swallowed the beads, she felt refreshed and completely hungry. Yan Song was studying in the cave, and he didn't need to eat or know how to starve. Later, some people said that the old man and his daughter were both Fox Fairy, and Red Pearl was a Neidan cultivated for thousands of years.

After earning his fame, Yan Song, in addition to his enthusiasm for Confucianism, did not forget to report to his hometown. It is said that in the thirty-seventh year of Jiajing, Fenyi strengthened the city wall and was hindered by financial resources. There were fierce discussions. The county guards, county decrees and the people's joint letter asked Yan Song for help. Yan Song donated 32,000 silver to help repair, and also won the public money project for the rebuilding of the Fenyi City Wall, reducing the burden on the people. In terms of organizing and mobilizing, Yan Song also played a significant role in enabling the rebuilding of the Fenyi City Wall to be successfully completed. Yan Song is still donating funds to the school in Fanyi. He has donated funds to build a special college, expand the school in Confucianism, build a Confucian building such as the "Zhong Jing Pavilion" and "Jing Yi Pavilion". At one time, it became the top of four counties in Yuanzhou.

In addition to returning home for two decades, Yan Song has been in the DPRK for more than 50 years. He not only shouted wind and rain on the political stage of the Jiajing dynasty, but was also a well-known poet and scholar. Yan Song has authored more than 2 million words in his life, such as "The Collection of Sheshan Hall", "Nangong Zong Yi", "Cai Jing Zou Zou", "Jia Jing Zou Lu", "Zhi Lu Manuscript", and "South Return Manuscript". Until now, he has written his calligraphy in nearly 20 famous spots in Beijing, Shandong Qufu, Confucius Temple, Hangzhou West Lake, Liaoning Jinzhou, Shanhaiguan "The First Pass of the World", and Tianjin Dole Poems.

The fine tradition of Chongwen and Chongwen in Jieqiao Village has been flowing for thousands of years, and it is still alive today. According to the report, there are 7 scholars and more than 20 people. There were more than 100 officials who had more than seven grades before the Republic of China. Now there are dozens of students and high-level intellectuals studying abroad. The cultural atmosphere is strong. He has appeared in the history of celebrities such as Yan Mengheng, who was known as "Yan Qingcai", and Yan Mengheng, a generation of power minister, Yan Songting, and Yan Shaoting, Jiangxi ’s first martial arts fighter.

"Combination of Culture and Tourism" Revitalizes the Ancient Village

"In the past, the environment of Jieqiao Village was relatively poor. The roads to and from the village were narrow dirt roads. Most of the young people in the village went out to work, and many ancient buildings were damaged or abandoned due to years of disrepair." Speaking of the past villages, they were in their 30s Yan Yuhuan, a Jieqiao villager, shook his head.

In recent years, the city has initiated the protection, development and utilization of ancient villages, and Jieqiao Village responded positively, inviting city museum experts to visit the village for field investigations, put forward scientific and reasonable suggestions on the village's planning, development and design, and further collate relevant materials such as Yan's ancient books and roster. Compiled into volumes. Adhering to the basic principles of “no change to the original state of the cultural relics”, minimal intervention, well-founded restoration, and “no old”, actively promote the protective reinforcement of the remaining buildings, remove weeds and rubbish, and strengthen the original appearance of the existing remains.

The "Jiangpo Ancestral Hall" in Jieqiao Village was transformed into a "Fenyi County Clean Government Cultural Education and Teaching Point", and the two-story brick-concrete building behind Yuqing Hall was transformed into "Yan Song Historical Materials Museum" ... At the same time, Jieqiao Village combined the construction of new countryside, and planned out the two areas of Gucun and Xincun, vigorously implemented greening improvement projects and lighting projects around the roads, continued to protect and inherit excellent family training and ethos, and created cultural tourism sites in ancient villages. The ancient village is full of new life.

Today's Jieqiao Village, the village appearance of the village is neat, the road is flat, surrounded by green trees, the ancient charm is fragrant, and it is filled with the wind of civilization and harmony. During the visit, the author saw people driving to and from Jieqiao Village one by one. Aunt Li, a 54-year-old citizen of Yichun, was one of them. In her eyes, a representative of Fenyi of Jieqiao Village had a business card. "Yichun is close to the cents. I like to come out and walk around when I'm fine, and bring my grandson here to learn about history and culture."

"At present, Jieqiao Village is vigorously developing the culture + tourism industry, organically integrating local culture, folk culture, historical culture, modern culture and tourism, consolidating the foundation of cultural and tourism integration, and tracing history, watching customs, tasting food, and enjoying the ecology. And other special tourism projects, and strive to build tourism, ancient villages with integrated development of culture, agriculture, tourism, and production, and inject new momentum into the rural revitalization strategy. "Zeng Yuan, a staff member of the village committee, said that Jieqiao Village is currently applying for the national" 3A "Class scenic spot.